Multimedia >>

Plasmonic Enhancement of Cyanine Dyes for Near-infrared Light-triggered Photodynamic/Photothermal Therapy and Fluorescent Imaging

Author(s): Lu, MD (Lu, Mindan); Kang, N (Kang, Ning); Chen, C (Chen, Chuan); Yang, LQ (Yang, Liuqing); Li, Y (Li, Yang); Hong, MH (Hong, Minghui); Luo, XG (Luo, Xiangang); Ren, L (Ren, Lei); Wang, XM (Wang, Xiumin)

Source: NANOTECHNOLOGY  Volume: 28  Issue: 44  Article Number: 445710  DOI: 10.1088/1361-6528/aa81e1  Published: NOV 3 2017  

Abstract: Near-infrared (NIR) triggered cyanine dyes have attracted considerable attention in multimodal tumor theranostics. However, NIR cyanine dyes used in tumor treatment often suffer from low fluorescence intensity and weak singlet oxygen generation efficiency, resulting in inadequate diagnostic and therapy efficacy for tumors. It is still a great challenge to improve both the photodynamic therapy (PDT) and fluorescent imaging (FLI) efficacy of cyanine dyes in tumor applications. Herein, a novel multifunctional nanoagent AuNRs@SiO2-IR795 was developed to realize the integrated photothermal/photodynamic therapy (PTT/PDT) and FLI at a very low dosage of IR795 (0.4 mu M) based on metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF) effects. In our design, both the fluorescence intensity and reactive oxygen species of AuNRs@SiO2-IR795 nanocomposites were significantly enhanced up to 51.7 and 6.3 folds compared with free IR795, owing to the localized surface plasmon resonance band of AuNRs overlapping with the absorption or fluorescence emission band of the IR795 dye. Under NIR laser irradiation, the cancer cell inhibition efficiency in vitro with synergetic PDT/PTT was up to 82.3%, compared with 10.3% for free IR795. Moreover, the enhanced fluorescence intensity of our designed nanocomposites was helpful to track their behavior in tumor cells. Therefore, our designed nanoagents highlight the applications of multimodal diagnostics and therapy in tumors based on MEF.

IDS Number: FJ6DH

ISSN: 0957-4484

eISSN: 1361-6528

  Copyright © The Institute of Optics And Electronics, The chinese Academy of Sciences
Address: Box 350, Shuangliu, Chengdu, Sichuan, China Post Code: 610 209 备案号:蜀ICP备05022581号